The article explains the development of laws outlawing the use of these procedures. For example, she explains that the Muslims believe that it is a religious necessity to subject women to genital mutilation. She was being forced to marry, and was scheduled to be mutilated prior to the marriage. It also explains the many complications that can arise from performing female circumcision on women and how it can have severe risks. The procedures also provides for the fidelity of the women in these cultures so they are worth something before they are married.

The procedure is often irreversible both with the physical and mental scars it leaves. The article explains the development of laws outlawing the use of these procedures. Many of the items they use to perform these surgeries are not sterile or clean and can cause many health issues. The article begins with an examination of cultural bias, and how women in the western world who are trying to incorporate the ban of female genital mutilation into the feminist agenda don’t really understand what the procedure is. This article, like the one above, was excellent in getting a background on female genital mutilation. Most countries have enacted legislation to criminalize the procedure. The author also examines the response of the United States to female genital mutilation in the asylum laws.

By eliminating sexual pleasure by circumcising females, they are removing the chance that they might be sexually illicit.

These two women were very successful in bibliographyy all of the harmful effects of female genital mutilation by getting first hand account from women that it had previously been preformed on.

  RUSSIAN MATH FRAMINGHAM HOMEWORK

Kelson, “The Courage to Blaspheme”: Doctor Toubia describes in detail the actual process of female genital mutilation. Domestic Violence of Women in Mexico annotated bibliography compiled by M.

annotated bibliography on fgm

The response of African women is also explored in this article. United States and Canada. Biblioography also provides information on the fact that action needs to be taken against this practice so it can be eliminated. There have been reports that the number of genital mutilations have been decreasing in the last couple of years. What’s New Awards and Recognitions.

Female Genital Mutilation

Female genital mutilation is both a health issue and a women’s rights issue. The focus of this article is the legal battle of an mother seeking to suspend her deportation to protect her two daughters from female genital mutilation. She was being forced to marry, and was scheduled to be mutilated prior to the marriage. Sexual Violence and Exploitation.

However, she argues that such defenses should not be allowed because it would undermine the purposes of the legislation. What remains of the labia bibliohraphy is sewn shut, leaving fg small opening only so large as to allow the passage of urine and menstrual blood.

However, the author shows that often the reasons asserted are not persuasive reasons for allowing this practice to continue. The Center for Reproductive Law and Policywhich focuses on promoting women’s equality worldwide by guaranteeing reproduction rights as human rights, can be located at http: This brought the issue to the attention to many Americans.

annotated bibliography on fgm

It also explains the many complications that can arise from performing female circumcision on women and how it can have severe risks. Women are infibulated to protect their virginity.

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Violence Against WomenWorld Watch, vol. The source explains how the female circumcision is carried out as well as the numerous health risks associated with it. Links and Annotated Bibliographies.

Women are still be controlled by sex in several countries. No HTML skills required. This exemplifies the low value placed on the life of women. In the introduction of this article, the author gives a gruesome case history of a young girl’s experience with female genital mutilation.

annotated bibliography on fgm

Unlike male circumcision, which only removes the foreskin of the penis, female circumcision is an invasive, physically and emotionally damaging procedure. Fgmm, the article explores the varying constitutional issues that may arise with legislation aimed at criminalizing the procedures.

Female Genital Mutilation

It pinpointed exactly where bibliogarphy genital mutilation is occurring and what cultures are practicing it. Infibulation virtually ensures that the woman is a virgin, because the opening left is only so large as to allow the passage of urine and menstrual blood. The female often has no choice whether or not to undergo the procedure.

They portray how these cultures maintain traditions which present females as being dirty or unsightly when they are not circumcised. This article also examines the problems that occur in trying to outlaw the practice of female genital mutilation.

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