Chaplin was the commissioner of the region. The Doctrine of Lapse was officially codified between to by Lord Dalhousie. Unknown August 30, at 8: Her adopted son Shivalingappa was also taken into custody. Folk songs or lavanis were a legion and freedom struggle got a good boost through singing bards who moved throughout the region. But she was betrayed by traitors in her own army, Mallappa Shetty and Venkata Rao who mixed cow dung with gunpowder while firing from the canons. Shivalingappa was arrested by the British.

Under this declaration, native rulers were not allowed to adopt a child if they had no children of their own. Rani Chennamma released them after a promise from the British that the war would end. Rani Chennamma was born in Kakati a small village in north of Belgaum in Karnataka , in that is almost 56 years earlier than Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi. Rani Chennamma was married to Mallasarja Desai, ruler of Kittur at the age of Both did not recognize the new ruler and the regent, and informed that Kittur had to accept the British regime.

Kittur Rani Chennamma : Earliest ruler to fight British rule

This was the beginning of a fight; chhennamma against destiny cuennamma then against the British. Thursday, May 23, Her lieutenant was Sangolli Rayanna. Rani Chennamma was married to Mallasarja Desai, ruler of Kittur at the age of Hindu History] After being captured, Rani Chennamma spent the last five years of her life in imprisonment at Bailhongal Fort reading holy texts and performing pooja. Chennamma, born 56 years before the rebel Rani Laxmi Bai, was the first woman to fight against British governance and the kappa tax.


During the cjennamma movement, her brave resistance to British formed theme of plays, songs, and song stories. After ending up in captivity, Kittur Rani Chennamma devoted all her time in reading holy texts and praying for her release.

Kittur Rani Chennamma : Earliest ruler to fight British rule – Hindu Janajagruti Samiti

She was taken a prisoner and kept in the fort of Bailhongal for life. The South Chdnnamma rebellions: Retrieved 6 November Unknown September 25, at 9: She was Chennamma Queen of the princely state Kittur in Karnataka.

Retrieved from ” https: Kittur Chennamma, however, defied the British order to expel Shivalingappa from the throne. Valiant Queen who fought against British. The state of Kittur came under the administration of Dharwad collectorate in charge of Mr.

Chennamma October 23, — February 21,the warrior Queen sesay Karnataka was the first woman independence activist of Bharat. It is heartening that a statue of Kittur Chennamma was installed in the Parliamentary Building premises at New Delhi on 11th September In the battle, hundreds of British soldiers along with Thackeray were killed by the Kitturu forces.

essay on kittur rani chennamma

Rani Chennamma sent a letter to Mountstuart ElphinstoneLieutenant-Governor of the Bombay Presidency pleading her cause, but the request was turned down, and war broke out. This time, the British officer Chaplin actually continued the war with more forces. It is the most fitting tribute to a brave queen, who was the earliest ruler in Bharat to fight the British rule.


Stevenson [5] were also taken as hostages.

essay on kittur rani chennamma

However, the promise turned out to be only an act of deception. Unknown January 6, at 6: During the freedom movement, her brave resistance against the British forces became the theme of several inspirational plays, folk songs Lavani and stories. The Britishers were forced to enter into a peace-treaty with Chennamma. Her son breathed his last inleaving the lonely soul to fight against the British rule.

essay on kittur rani chennamma

When Chennamma was 15 years old, she was married to the ruler of Kittur, Mallasarja Desai. However, sadly, the burial place of this valiant queen lies neglectedin a state of poor maintenance. Both the local people and Rani Chennamma opposed strongly British high handedness. The humiliation of defeat at the hands of a small ruler was too much for the British to swallow.

She released the hostages owing to the British promise that the war would no longer be continued.

Kittur Chennamma

Rani Chennamma and the local people opposed strongly British high handedness. One of the first female rulers to rebel against British rule, she has become a folk hero in Karnataka and symbol of the independence movement in India.

They had attacked Kittur with a force of 20, men and guns, which came mainly from the third troop of the Madras Native Horse Artillery.

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